society sets it's own standard for female beauty. For western Europe
c.2000, it appears from a review of both medical studies and the media that
the perfect beautiful woman will possess all the following characteristics:
An attempt to calculate the proportions of a beautiful
Some young male-to-female transsexuals have proportions physically closer to the ideal
female than many CIS-
5 foot 9 inches tall (180 cm)
body proportions with figure close to 36-24-36 inches. BMI
around 19. WHR more than 0.7.
- but rounded rather than starved appearance
Slight - leg and
arm muscles not prominent or strongly defined
and glossy hair, preferably natural blond
visible hair on the legs, armpits, forearms, and especially
not on the face
forehead, high cheekbones, a face wide at the temples and
narrow at the chin with a short jaw
Green or blue eyes, large in proportion to the face
symmetry of facial features
unwrinkled, unblemished and hairless skin - without any scars,
imperfections or marks of age
pert and shapely
and long (both absolutely and proportional to height)
hands and feet, long slim fingers
course the woman described above probably doesn't exist, and probably never has.
Further the above characteristics are an overage - for example modelling
agencies strongly favour girls under 22 with a boyish figure of 34-24-34 inches
(give or take an inch), whilst
men tend to prefer more mature women with a fuller figure, perhaps
37-24-37. Even supermodels have defects and the media
representations of women are often artificial illusions generated by make-up artists, lighting,
professional photographers, Photoshop guru's, etc.
Due to genetics and testosterone, young male-to-female transsexuals often
have above average height, slim build and long leg length. As
are thus closer to the ideal described above than most CIS-women.
Top row from
Catherine Zeta-Jones, Nicole Kidman, Angelina Jolie and Jennifer Aniston
Bottom row: Penelope Cruz, Cate Blanchett, Gwyneth Paltrow and Julia Roberts
is the Fairest of them All?
In 2001 the American Academy of Facial Plastic and
Reconstructive Surgery (AAFPRS) surveyed its membership - facial
plastic surgeons, true face specialists - to rate the facial features of
The results of the
poll were published in November 2001, Catherine Zeta-Jones was voted the "ideal face of femininity"
by 27% of the facial plastic surgeons. Nicole Kidman came in
a second, whilst Jennifer Aniston, Penelope Cruz and Gwyneth Paltrow tied for
Explaining the results,
AAFPRS President Dr.
Shan Baker said:
may be in the eye of the beholder, there is a real mathematical equation for
measuring a person's attractiveness. In fact, the skeletal proportions
are the true determining factors," said .
"Not only should the face have high cheek bones and a clean complexion, but
a well-proportioned face will be divided into equal thirds when horizontal
lines are drawn through the forehead hairline, the brow, the base of the
nose and the edge of the chin. And when analysing the face vertically,
the length of the nose should occupy one-third of the total vertical height
of the face."
The face of Catherine
Zeta-Jones displays many features of the ideal face of femininity,"
says Baker. "She has a short delicate jaw with small chin and nose,
all of which are desirable for an attractive female face. Her lavish lips,
well-developed cheek bones and prominent eyes give her the face of the new
Nicole Kidman was tied for second with Gwyneth Paltrow (with 18 percent of
votes each) for having the ideal female nose. Once again Catherine
Zeta-Jones came away as the winner for the females. According to Dr.
Baker, her "small, straight and symmetrical" nose gave her 22% of the surgeons' votes.
However, it was Nicole Kidman's lips that are most kissable; she
came out on top for having the ideal mouth with 33% of the
vote. Angelina Jolie's bee-stung, pouty lips followed very close
And as for Academy
Award winner Julia Roberts ... her eyes have it! Twenty-three
percent of the AAFPRS surgeons believe that Julia Roberts has the ideal
set of eyes. "Large eyes with ample space between upper eyelashes and
brow are attractive features," says Baker. "This combined with
expressive animation and framed with strong arched brows gives Julia
Roberts the perfect set of female eyes."
Richard Fleming's Data
based plastic surgeon Dr Richard Fleming first began practicing in
the 1970's, he soon noticed that
most people wanting a nose job or cheek implants had a famous star
in mind. He started collating data to find who has the most
coveted features. His 2002 list of the most commonly asked
for stars' facial features is as follows:
Jennifer Aniston, Debra Messing, Julia Roberts
Catherine Zeta-Jones, Heather Graham, Penelope Cruz
Kim Cattrall, Halle Berry, Sela Ward
Nicole Kidman, Heather Locklear, Marisa Tomei
Elizabeth Hurley, Denise Richards, Hillary Swank
Cate Blanchett, Salma Hayek, Ada Pinkett-Smith
composite face above-right is built up using the
characteristics of one of these stars in each category.
Interestingly a Google image search using the composite face above
resulted in the photo (right) of the 1990's drag queen Mimi Marks
(right) being suggested. The 1980's transsexual model Caroline Finch (nee Cossey)
(shown left) also has a face that very closely complies with Dr Baker's
standards. Neither Caroline or
Mimi seem to have had any facial plastic surgery, which leads to the
possibility that based on current Western standards an XY man
may well have the "perfect" female face!
Golden Ratio of Beauty
In 2019 a Harley Street clinic surgeon, Dr Julian De Silva, digitally mapped
the faces of female celebrities and compared the results with a
mathematical equation known as Beauty Phi devised by the ancient Greeks
which calculated the perfect face shape, including the size and position of
the lips, nose, chin and jaw line. The 23-year-old model Bella Hadid
had the highest match to the ratio at 94.35 per cent overall and was thus named as the most beautiful woman in the
world. In second place was Beyoncé (92.44% match) and taking
third place was Amber Heard (91.85%).
Welcome to the Twenty-First Century
In 2004 a transwoman - Amanda Lepore (pictured right) - made a catwalk appearance at a Spring
2005 fashion show in New York which caused headlines around the world.
From a distance at least, Amanda had exactly the fair skin, long blond
hair, petite build (just 157 cm or 5ft 2in tall)
but voluptuous "hour glass" figure (38-22-38) that had been used as a standard of female beauty for much of the 20th century -
particularly in the middle decades.
Indeed, Amanda often impersonated Marilyn Monroe.
However, the 21st century has seen a change in the Western perception of female beauty.
This began in the 1970's through to the 1990's, with women's
fashion magazines such as Elle, Vogue and Cosmopolitan
leading the charge. A beautiful woman now typically fits the following template:
at least 173 cm (5ft 8in) tall with
slim, with an
athletic rather than wasp-like waist
small pert breasts
long hair, preferably brown to black
These magazine adverts all
feature transgender models. From left to right:
Andreja Pejic for Bonds;
Hari Nef for Gucci; Ariel
Nicholson for Miu Miu; and Valentina Sampaio for L'Oreal
prescription of beauty is perfect for young male-to-female transwomen,
leading to the huge success in the 2010's of top 1000 transgender models such as
Isis King, Lea T, Ines Rau, Arisce Wanzer, Andreja Pejic, Geena Rocero,
Carmen Carrera, Jenna Talackova, Teddy Quinlivan, Hari Nef,
Avie Acosta, Karolina Smetek, Maxim Magnus, Hunter Schafer, Valentina Sampaio... the list goes on and
In 2018 Vogue magazine
averaged the faces of 200 women who featured on its front cover to
arrive at this aggregate face.
Colombian model Catalina Aristizabal shot to fame when she featured in an ad campaign by a local laser hair
removal clinic - "Boys will be Women".
So many top models
are now outing themselves as transgender that Teddy Quinlivan said that
the reaction she got was essentially "that's great, but please go to makeup, we have a show
in 40 minutes...". Another example of this was
the "discovery" in 2017 of Ariel Nicholson,
age 16, weight 125 lbs, height 6ft 1in. In 2018 the influential
models.com added her to their "Hot List", stating:
It was on from
the jump: Ariel's career began in 2017 with American Vogue and
Calvin Klein, and has continued through 2018 working with only the
best of the best - Inez and Vinoodh, Mert and Marcus, Marc Jacobs,
and Miu Miu, to name but a few. Ariel's star potential has never
been in doubt.
A noticeable omission from model.com's commentary was any
mention that Ariel was openly transgender!
In September 2019, The Fashion Spot calculated that 83 openly
transgender women had appeared as models in 52 Spring 2020 fashion shows
across Paris, Milan, New York and London, and had conducted 1.23% of all
walks. This compared to 56 transwomen for Spring 2019 and just 45
transwomen for Spring 2018.
Hunter Schafer led the pack for 2020 with appearances in 17 shows
(hitting all four cities), whilst
Teddy Quinlivan walked in 11 shows. Realistically, transwomen
still form a very small proportion of the model industry, but this is
clearly growing very rapidly.
It has become increasingly unlikely that you can browse a women's fashion magazine without encountering
advert that features a transgender model. An unscientific review
of about 100 women's magazines (varying from Vogue to Stellar)
sold in Ireland in the first half of 2019 found that 30% included at
least one advert featuring an acknowledged transgender model, and one
issue of Cosmopolitan had three such models.
In August 2019 it needed only a brief review of
fashion magazines such as Elle to discover that the latest 'hot' young model is 17 year-old Emma Ellingsen
(left) from Norway. However some online research is required to reveal
slightly younger she prominently featured on social media, and in
several Norwegian TV programmes, as a teenage transgender boy-to-girl.
The Barriers Fall
The centrefold of the first issue (December 1953) of the American magazine Playboy famously
featured Marilyn Monroe, and the magazine perhaps remains a
barometer for a "male" view of female beauty. It is therefore
The cover of the February 2016 Italian edition of Playboy
transgender woman Vittoria Schisano
playmate in the November/December 2017 centre-fold of U.S. Playboy
Ines Rau, who is transgender
The March 2019 German edition of Playboy had transgender model Giuliana Farfalla on its cover
The playmate in the August 2019 edition of U.S. Playboy was Geena Rocera
- who (no surprise by this stage) is transgender.
Geena Rocero in the
August 2019 of Playboy magazine. Age 35, she was unusually old
for a Playmate.
Twenty years ago,
any of these photo spreads would have been major news world-wide, but by
2019 Playboy barely mentioned in the accompanying text that Geena was transgender.
Many other international editions of Playboy used photos of these girls over the
following months, but buyers often had to read the "small print" of the
article to discover that the girl whose photos they were admiring
was transgender and was physically born male.
In the USA, a leading men's magazine is GQ, established in 2003.
It awarded its first 'Woman of The Year' title to Angelina Jolie.
The 2004 title was given to Eva Herzigova ... . In
2019 the title was awarded to
Karolina Smetek -
a 22 year old transgender Polish model (right). Whilst Karolina admits to being transgender, she has avoided the LGBT+ advocacy associated with other
transgender models such as Andreja Pejic, Teddy Quinlivan and Hari Nef.
In April 2017,
the cover of GQ Portugal featured Andreja Pejic - the first transgender
woman to appear in this popular men’s magazine. Whilst the cover
included the letters "XX", many readers probably wouldn't have understood the
significance before admiring the eight-page photo spread of Andreja.
posted this photo of herself backstage during a
shoot for the Victoria's Secret PINK campaign.
A hold-out against transgender models seemed to be
the Victoria's Secret - which claims to sell "world's best bras"
and uses "the most beautiful Supermodels" to promote its wares. In
2018, Ed Razek, the chief marketing officer at Victoria’s Secret said it
would not use "transsexual [models] because the show is a fantasy”.
It was thus a surprise when on 8 August 2019 it was
a 22-year-old Brazilian model, would front a new marketing
campaign - VS PINK. She was born Valentine and transitioned as Valentina when age 12 (in
recent interviews she claims age 10) and began taking hormones age 15. She
probably had SRS in Thailand in 2016, age 20.
A day after Victoria's Secret hired Valentina, Ed Razek resigned.
In March 2020, Victoria's Secret launched “Its Most Diverse Ever"
including older, transgender and curvier models. From the
left: Barbara Palvin,
Helena Christensen, Romee Strijd,
Valentina Sampaio and Solange van Doorn.
Chanel is a French company founded by
Gabrielle Coco' Chanel which "caters to women's taste
for elegance". Since the 1960's, Chanel products have been marketed by
top fashion models, idols and actresses, including Catherine Deneuve, Carole Bouquet, Vanessa Paradis, Nicole
Kidman, Keira Knightley, Kristen Stewart, Pharrell Williams and Marilyn
August 2019, Chanel announced that the new face of Chanel Beauty cosmetics was
American model Teddy Quinlivan. There was not even a hint that 25 year old Teddy
was a post-SRS transgender woman.
of Teddy Quinlivan published when she was announced as the new
face of Chanel Beauty cosmetics
decades, beauty contests required that contestants were a "natural born
woman". This became increasingly controversial
and the rule has now gone. The subsequent 2018
election of transwoman Angela Ponce (right) as Miss Universe Spain
also shows how complex and
confusing "female" beauty has become. It seems inevitable that very
soon Miss World, Miss Universe, or the No. 1 ranked Female Model
will have been born genetically XY male. Or maybe they already are...
Importance of Physical Characteristics
This section gives the results of QueenDom's
on physical attraction, this compiled the opinions of more than 10,000
visitors to arrive at a rough image of the Venus and Adonis of the 21st
is how Men and Women rated individual features in the opposite sex. The
numbers represent the mean score of men, women, and the two
voting was on a scale of 1 to 5: 1 is a turn-off and 5 is very
men and women rate facial
features in the opposite sex
men and women rate other physical characteristics in the
of body hair
Preference for hair
length varies between men and women is probably due to cultural
influences. Generally, European women don't like shoulder length hair on a man, but men
don't mind medium or short hair on a women, in fact very few men find short'ish hair to be unattractive. Women, in general, don't
Men are more
enthusiastic about blond hair than women are (70% of men find this above
average on the attractive scale, compared to 47% of women). So maybe
blond women do have more fun!
Women are much less tolerant than men of red hair. 57% of women didn't
like red hair, compared to only 25% of men who found this to be unappealing.
Everybody likes clear
skin, since it is an indication of health. In general, more men and women
seem to find dark or olive skin more attractive than pale skin.
Perhaps pale skin suggests unhealthiness to many, while darker skin is a
sign of health and robustness. But the cultural idea that tanned skin
is healthy is slowly changing as the incidence of skin cancer rises from sun
bathing and sun beds.
Freckly skin is
viewed with reserve. Women are more likely than men to find freckly
faces less attractive.
People feel quite
strongly about white, straight teeth. The main concern is definitely
hygiene. Yellow, stained or rotten teath and the bad breath that
might accompany them is for most people a rather unappetizing image.
In contradiction to
other studies, the poll shows that most men claim to prefer a thin woman -
although the hip-to-waist ratio isn't shown.
female human body may be indeed be the loveliest thing that nature has
ever create when seen though the rose tinted eyes of an artist, the
soft lens of a camera, or observed by a man after too many
beers. However the cruel reality is that naturally the female
body is often fat, hairy, smelly and even outright UGLY.
girl-girl supermodels are
beauty as described in this article is often an illusion that requires a big
effort to sustain. The shell of the perfect woman is stressful and
expensive to maintain; the contest is to see who does it best and the
standards are impossibly high.
example the ideal beauty described above is "thin",
is not obviously muscular or strong, her body's contours meet a fairly
precise technical specification for softness and curvature while
containing only the minimum amount of fat and flesh necessary.
There is a whole industry built on taking the fat and flesh off
women's bones in order to meet these demanding standards.
ideal beauty has shiny, glossy hair, and lots of it - but only on her
head, of course! Leg hair, underarm hair, any visible hairiness,
even on the forearms but especially on the face - it all has to
go. Every day millions of women visit salons to have their scalp
hair styled and treated, and other hair removed from their bodies,
perfect beauty is white. She should have clear soft skin,
without marks of age or character. She has child like face with
large eyes, full red lips, a small delicate nose, a face wide at the
temples and narrow at the jaw, a dainty neck, ... . Every
day several billions women spend considerable time skilfully
applying some form of cosmetics to modify the appearance of their
face, and every year several millions seek more permanent surgical
price that many women choose to pay in the hope of being considered
beautiful (by both men and other women ) is high in every way.
Talackova. After being outed as a transwoman she was
barred from the 2012 final of Miss Canada Universe, but
gained an exception after huge public pressure.
male-to-female unfortunately labour under the handicap of their "androgen'ised"
skeletons, unless hormone therapy was
started at a very young age.
- even in the most attractive transsexual women - are great height
(e.g. Kelly van de Veer), large hands and feet (e.g. Roberta
Close), masculine voice (Eva Robins),
and Adam's apple (Caroline Cossey had
surgery to remove her Adam's apple removed). Even the almost
impossibly beautiful Ha Ri-Su, who
has had to counter rumours that she not really transsexual,
has on close and over critical examination strangely
small nipples on her slightly over-augmented breasts, and
surprisingly large feet for an Asian woman.
On the more positive
side, the long legs of a tall transwomen can dazzle as a model -
photo shots of Caroline Cossey, Jenna Talackova, Andreja Pejic and
Teddy Quinlain provide just a few examples. Also, facial
feminisation surgery (extreme plastic surgery) can - in the best case
- now deliver
extraordinarily successful results, e.g. search on-line for Gigi
Gorgeous, Cadence Winter Matthews,
Carmen Carrera and Stef Sanjati.
Some pictures from the Miss Transsexual 2012 beauty contest
Philippine contestants for the Miss Universe 2016
and (right) Miss
International Beauty contests. It's very unlikely that
casual observers would realise that the former contest was
restricted to XX
women, and the later to XY women.
Beautiful Women or
Top models such as
Teddy Quinlivan, Valentina Sampaio
and Andreja Pejic are open about being transgender but the
reality is that the modelling industry has sucked them in as
female models. In 99% of their catwalks and photos they
are unambiguously presented as "female" and beautiful women.
since 2000 there have been regular attempts by marketing
companies to involve transwomen (the more beautiful the
better) in marketing campaigns that combine "inclusivity"
with an appeal to the widest possible audience.
Ideally this includes relating with both CIS women and the
increasingly large LGBT+ community.
As an example, in 2019 Paris Lee, Angela Ponce and Lea T
(amongst others) appeared (left) in a photo shoot
paid for by Pantene, a major hair product manufacturer.
initially used the photos
as part of an advertising campaign (right) with the hashline
#HAIRHASNOGENDER. The goal was
apparently promoting trangender awareness whilst selling
their hair products! Later adverts
dropped the hash and just used the tagline "The Power of
photos were also sold on as stock and widely used by magazines such as Young
Often lacking any details, the
was left to make their own assumptions about the models in
the adverts, photos and articles.
Below are a few
famous transsexual women. On examination they all lack some
characteristics of the ideal female beauty
but so do most - if not all - CIS-women.
genuinely successful male-to-female sex-change operation was Christine
Jorgensen in 1952. The last 65 years have seen huge advances in
genetics, surgery and endocrinology. Parents with enough money
can already ensure that their child grows in to a beautiful woman - even if born genetically XY male.
standard at which a woman is considered to be "beautiful" is also rising.
For example a survey by men of 100 women will always result in a top 10%,
regardless of them being Miss Brighton 1950 or Miss World 2020 contestants.