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(Above) A stellar photo spread of 14 transwomen published by the sadly now defunct C*ndy Magazine in 2014. 

This website covers various aspects of male-to-female transsexualism, now often referred to as Gender Identity Dysphoria (GID). 

Most of the articles were originally written around my own transition in 2000, when I was doing a lot of research.  There have been no major changes since 2004, although I occasionally make small updates, corrections or additions when these seem important or of particular interest to me (e.g. medical developments).  The site is thus largely historical in nature, it represents a snapshot of an extraordinary period around the turn of millennia which was truly transformational for transsexual women.

The use of Latin terms is appropriate given the Roman's  fascination with hermaphrodites.  

The articles often use words such as transsexual and transwoman, which in recent years have been replaced by the term transgender. The prefix trans is a Latin noun meaning 'across', 'beyond' or 'on the opposite side'. The articles use trans in the context of people making changes to their physical characteristics (hormonal and surgery) and lifestyle in order to match their selected gender. A significant development since c.2014 is the use of the prefix cis, e.g. in words such as ciswomen, cisgendered and cissexual.  Cis is another Latin term, meaning 'on this side', and is increasingly used in the context of women (usually but not always genetically XX) who were assigned a female gender at birth, and whose bodies and their personal identity have always agreed with this.  It does make sense as an alternative to awkward phrases such as "genetically XY women" that I have resorted to in some articles.

The March of Time
It is impossible exaggerate how much things have changed since 2000, for example the  explosion in the size of the transgender community.  There were perhaps 50,000 post sex-reassignment surgery (SRS) women alive in the entire world in 2000 - and these had almost all used a few dozen surgeons whose individual merits were intensely debated within the trans community.  Fast forward to 2020 and a million post-SRS women is almost certainly an underestimation.  In Thailand there are now specialist hospitals that each perform more "Gender Confirmation" operations every day then were performed world-wide in 2000.

Most people now personally know someone who is transgender - a family member, class mate, friend, work colleague, etc.  Transwomen are no longer rare freaks, and this is changing attitudes to the point that going deep stealth after transition is no longer the obvious goal of a passable transwoman.  Other key developments include:

  • Multiple EU directives prohibit any discrimination based on sex or gender. A legal case by Caroline Cossey played a huge role in this 

  • In many countries (including the UK), laws have been passed that allow a transwoman born with a male birth certificate to legally marry a man

  • The acceptance by the modelling industry of beautiful transwomen such as Andreja Pejic, Teddy Quinlivan and Valentina Sampaio as female models

  • A much greater willingness by the medical profession to pro-actively treat young transgender children under age 18 - take a bow Kim Petras

  • Medical advances - surgical and endocrinological.  The first pregnant transwoman and mother is now just a 'when' rather than science fiction

Being Controversial
Progress on transgender rights has been so dramatic that there has been an almost inevitable backlash.  Pre-sex reassignment surgery transwomen (sometimes even pre-hormone therapy) are a particular focus of complaints, including:

  • their use of women's toilets and changing rooms

  • participating in women's sport events

  • availing of benefits available only to women (such as an earlier pension age)

  • advocating radical feminist views on topics such as rape and abortion without having a vagina or uterus

I'm going to be controversial in my belief that some of these complaints are valid - and may get even worse if proposals to allow people to self-certify their gender (regardless of any medical treatment) start to become law. 

In the UK, the Gender Recognition Act 2004 combines gender (a mental and lifestyle attribute) with sex (a physical attribute which includes sexual intercourse and reproduction).  As a result, it has become easy to legally change both gender and sex from male to female, or vice-versa, without having had any medical treatment.  The requirements are filling in a form, finding a registered doctor who will sign it, and paying the requisite fee - and about a month later a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC) will arrive in the post.  The UK is now in the extraordinary situation where someone can be legally female whilst physically still a fertile male with a fully functional penis.  One example of the appalling consequences of this situation is David Thompson.  Whilst on remand for grievous bodily harm, burglary, multiple rapes and other sexual offences against women - he applied for and obtained obtained a female GRC as Karen White.  When  subsequently convicted as a male paedophile, her GRC meant that 'she' was sent to a women-only prison despite still having had no hormone treatment or genital surgery.  Within a few weeks Karen had raped or sexually assaulted four fellow prisoners.  Leeds Crown Court later described Karen as a "predator who was a danger to women and children".

Extreme and polarised views are dominating now dominating the transgender agenda in the UK and in other western countries, for example lesbian women who refuse to engage intimately with self-labelled 'lesbian' transwomen who have not had "bottom surgery" (i.e. still have a penis) are being called "transphobic'.  Supposed transphobic behaviour (e.g. posting a comment on Twitter that a post-SRS neovagina "goes nowhere") has become so unacceptable in the UK that it can lead to an unannounced police visit, with a formal warning that "whilst a criminal offence has not been committed, you now have civil offence record for a hate incident".  I find it impossible to defend this situation - it's a modern incarnation of the Thought Police in George Orwell's novel 1984.

In the UK the GRA2004 is currently being reviewed, with the expected outcome being a 'simplified' Gender Recognition procedure where people can self-declare their gender with no medical assessment required, and this declaration will be legally binding.  I fear that this will be a triumph of the views of a very small but very vocal trans-lobby, with the rights, safety and best interests of women with a vagina (yes, I'm including constructed neo-vagina's) being subordinated to anyone with a penis. 

Women find sharing gender neutral toilets with men distressing, and avoid them if possible.

Over the years I've met several very scary (both physically and behaviourally) supposedly transgender 'women' who probably had had no medical treatment.  The prospect of being legally forced to share with them women's toilets, women's changing rooms, women's hospital wards, etc., is very uncomfortable.  Some countries such as Japan (since 2002) and Sweden (until 2013) require an applicant requesting a  legal change sex to have been sterilized (e.g. orchiectomy) or have completed sex-assignment surgery before this is granted.  There is a lot of opposition to such rules, but I personally consider they are the least worst hurdle (excluding intersex sufferers) to set for a very serious matter. 


Finally ...
I've received a few comments about the name of website - Second Type Woman - essentially suggesting that transgender women are just "women", not a "second type" of woman.  The spectrum of sex and gender is very wide, and I believe that the name I adopted for this site is still valid.  For example, I gather that as the years have passed I've become ever more like my mother in both appearance and behaviour, but unlike her I will never experience the high's and low's of pregnancy and child birth - a major difference. 

I hope that some of the information presented here might still be helpful.  I'm always delighted to hear from readers, contrast experiences, and perhaps attempt to answer any questions.  My email address is annie.richards@hotmail.com.

Important Notes:
I'm not a qualified medical professional and the contents of this website are merely based upon my experience and research.  It does NOT in any way constitute Medical Advice.
2. Please contact me if you are featured on this website and wish to be removed.  Whilst I will usually do this, in a few cases I have declined to act when the information or image is clearly in the public domain and relevant to an article. 

Treatment of Young Male-to-Female Transsexuals Female Hormone Treatment
Breast Development in Transsexual Women Breast Augmentation for Transsexual Women Sex Reassigment Surgery Options for the Transsexual Woman
Orchidectomy for the Transsexual Woman Stealth and the Transsexual Woman The transwoman and transition
The Transsexual Woman and Work The sexual orientation of transsexual women Marriage and the MTF Transsexual
Transsexual Preganancy Lactation in the Transsexual Woman The Transsexual Woman and Motherhood
Average Body Size Differences in the Male and Female Skeleton What is Female Physical Beauty?


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Last updated: 18 January, 2020
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